Class 8 Syllabus For Science & Maths CBSE Board

Class 8 Science and Maths Syllabus

Physics

  1. Force and Pressure
    • Types of forces:Contact and non-contact forces
    • Mass and Weight
    • Effect of force
    • Atmospheric pressure
  2. Friction
    • Types of friction: Dynamic, Static and Limiting friction
    • Advantages and disadvantages of friction
    • Increasing and reducing friction
    • Fluid friction and streamlining
  3. Sound
    • Types of sound
    • Characteristics of sound
    • Properties of soundwave
    • Reflection of sound
  4. Chemical Effects of Electric Current
    • Electric current
    • Conductors
    • Insulators
    • Chemical Effects of Current: Electrolysis, electroplating and uses
    • Magnetic Effect of Electric Current
    • LED
  5. Some Natural Phenomena
    • Electric charges
    • Lightning and Thunder
    • Earthquakes
  6. Light
    • Visibility
    • Reflection of light
    • Refraction of light
    • Formation of image by convex and concave lens
    • Human eye: Structure, Defects and corrections
    • Education of Visually Challenged Person
  7. Stars and the Solar System
    • Celestial objects: moon, planets, stars, constellations
    • Big Bang Theory
    • Eclipses

Chemistry

  1. Synthetic Fibres and Plastics
    • Synthetic Fibres: Characteristics and types
    • Plastics: Characteristics and types
    • Disadvantages of synthetic fibers
  2. Materials: Metals and Non-Metals
    • Metals: Physical properties, chemical properties and uses
    • Non-metals: Physical properties, chemical properties and uses
  3. Coal and Petroleum
    • Formation of coal and petroleum in nature (fossil fuels)
    • Petrochemicals
    • Natural gas
    • Alternative Sources of Energy
  4. Combustion and Flame
    • Conditions for combustion
    • Types of combustion
    • Structure of flame
    • Types of fuels and their calorific value
    • Greenhouse effect

Biology

  1. Crop Production and Management
    • Soil preparation
    • Selection of seeds and sowing
    • Nutrient management
    • Irrigation
    • Crop protection
    • Harvesting
    • Storage
    • Green revolution
  2. Microorganisms
    • Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Algae and Viruses
    • Friend and Foe - useful and harmful microorganisms
    • Food preservation
  3. Conservation of Plants and Animals
    • Biodiversity
    • Deforestation: Causes and consequences of deforestation
    • Conservation of flora
    • Wild life: Threatened species, Strategies for wildlife conservation and Red Data Book
  4. Cell
    • Cell theory
    • Variation of cells
    • Structure and Functions
    • Differences between plant and animal cell
  5. Reproduction in Animals
    • Asexual Reproduction in Animals
    • Sexual Reproduction in Animals
    • Metamorphosis
  6. Reaching the Age of Adolescence
    • Adolescence
    • Puberty
    • Endocrine system
    • Reproductive health
  7. Pollution of Air and Water
    • Air pollution
    • Water pollution
    • Conservation of air and water

Math

  1. Rational Numbers:
    • Natural numbers: Properties and laws
    • Whole numbers: Properties and laws
    • Integers: Properties and laws
    • Rational numbers: Properties and laws
  2. Linear equations in one variable
  3. Understanding Quadrilaterals: Types and properties of quadrilaterals
  4. Practical Geometry:Construction of quadrilaterals
  5. Data Handling
    • Types of graphs
    • Organising and grouping data
    • Frequency distribution
    • Methods of Classifying Data
    • Chance and Probability
  6. Squares and Square roots
    • Properties of Square Numbers
    • Square roots
  7. Cubes and cubes roots
    • Properties of Cubes of Numbers
    • Cube Roots
  8. Comparing quantities
    • Ratio
    • Percentage
    • Profit and loss
    • Interest
  9. Algebraic Expressions and identities
    • Types of Algebraic Expressions
    • Addition, subtraction and multiplication of Algebraic Expressions
    • An Identity
  10. Visualising solid shapes
    • 3D-Shapes
    • Polyhedrons
    • Euler’s Formula
  11. Mensuration
    • Plane figures
    • Area of trapezium, quadrilateral, rhombus and a polygon
    • Solid shapes: Surface area and volume
  12. Exponents and Powers
    • Laws of Exponents
    • Decimal Number System
  13. Direct and Inverse proportions
  14. Factorisation
    • Methods of factorization
    • Division of Algebraic Expressions
  15. Introduction to graphs
    • A Line graph
    • A Linear graph
    • Types of graphs
  16. Playing with numbers
    • General form of a Number
    • Number puzzles and games
    • Letters for Digits or Cryptarithms
    • Tests of Divisibility